According to the American Cancer Society, 1 in 20 people have a potential risk of developing colorectal cancer during their lifetime. The origins and causes of this tumor are unknown. It is characterized by the presence of cancerous cells on polyps in the lining of the colon. When left untreated, these polyps can be dangerous and accelerate mucosal deterioration. Here are 10 warning signs of colon cancer that you should know!
Risk factors for colorectal cancer
Certain factors can be a cause of colorectal cancer, such as age (over 50), chronic intestinal disorders, family history, obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, sedentary lifestyle, type 2 diabetes, and excessive intake of red meat and processed foods. , etc. .. Depending on the stage of the disease, colon cancer is a disease that is difficult to treat, hence the importance of recognizing the warning signs to treat it early and thus increase the chances of recovery.
10 signs of colon cancer you should not ignore
In a recent report published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, a study highlights the link between constipation and the risk of colorectal cancer. Constipation is an important indicator and can be a symptom of colon cancer.
In another study published in the European Journal of Cancer in 2004, researchers confirmed the hypothesis that constipation or excessive use of laxatives predisposes to colon cancer.
A polyp at the distal end of the colon, and thus constipation, can be very difficult to treat. If you have difficulty defecation, without identifiable reasons, it is best to consult a specialist.
If you have had diarrhea for several weeks, it could be an early symptom of colon cancer.
If the tumor blocks the intestines, it may lead to loose stools or even persistent gas, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, etc. The tumor can also disrupt the lining of the digestive tract. If it continues for several days, it is a sign of dehydration which can indicate a mass, hence the importance of checking your health.
3: Presence of blood in the stool
Most of the time, the presence of blood in the stool is due to hemorrhoids (dilated veins that form in the anus). But if you see dark red or dark brown blood in your stool, this may indicate a malignant tumor: colorectal cancer or a stomach ulcer. See a specialist for an accurate diagnosis.
4: Frequent defecation
If you often tend to sit after a stomach movement (bowel movement), this discomfort could be a warning sign of colon cancer, which occurs when a tumor blocks the bowel and prevents it from moving. drain properly.
5: Smaller (and harder to pass) stools
Soft and small stools are a possible indicator of colon cancer. It could be the result of a polyp in the colon, which obstructs the emptying of stool. If you notice this sign (a malignant tumor of the anus), see a specialist to check your health.
6: flatulence and abdominal pain
If you notice pain or pain in the lower stomach, these signs may indicate the presence or development of a malignant tumor (early stage) in the gastrointestinal tract, colon or rectum. Stomach pain is one of the first signs that people with colon cancer experience.
This abdominal pain can sometimes be severe, and it can indicate that cancer has started to spread to different organs. If stomach pain persists for more than 3 days, consult a specialist.
Anemia is an iron deficiency characterized by an abnormally low level of hemoglobin (found in red blood cells) in the blood, which allows oxygen to be transported to all parts of the body. The side effects of anemia, such as pale skin, rapid heart rate, shortness of breath, dizziness, and cold hands and feet, should not be taken lightly.
Unexplained anemia can be a sign of colon cancer. This phenomenon can occur when the tumor begins to cause bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.
Outcome 8: Unexplained weight loss
If you are over 50 and you start losing weight very suddenly, without any identifiable reason, then this is an alarming and worrying sign. This symptom may be associated with colon and/or rectum.
A recent report, published in the Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons in England, revealed that unexplained weight loss often occurs in advanced stages of colorectal cancer.
Tumor development can lead to loss of appetite, as the disease affects the digestive system, which explains this loss. If you notice significant weight loss without changing your diet, talk to a professional.
Outcome 9: Weakness and fatigue
An early side effect of colon cancer is a general feeling of weakness. An abnormal and recurring state of weakness or feeling “empty” after performing a task is a worrying sign. The presence of polyps or tumors in the colon can lead to iron deficiency which leads to a low level of oxygen in the blood, and thus a feeling of weakness.
10: Gas and bloating
Many people suffer from fellow inconvenience