Stomach cancer the silent killer: Here are the signs and symptoms

The development of a tumor in the inner lining of your stomach by cancer cells is the first sign of stomach cancer. In most cases, stomach cancer develops slowly over several years in people in their late 60s to early 80s.

The glandular tissue that lines the stomach is where about 95% of stomach cancers begin. The tumor may develop directly through the wall of the stomach or it may spread along the wall, releasing cells into the lymphatic system or circulation. Cancer can spread to other organs after the stomach is spared.

Compared to other cancers, stomach cancer is relatively uncommon, however, one of the big risks of this condition is that it is difficult to identify. This type of cancer is more difficult to treat because it usually has no early symptoms and often goes undetected until it has spread to other bodily areas.

Knowledge necessary to combat the disease is crucial, even though it can be difficult to detect and treat. You’ll learn about the causes, signs, and treatments for stomach cancer in this article.
Causes of Stomach Cancer: The esophagus and stomach are only two components of the upper digestive system. It is responsible for breaking down food and delivering nutrients to the small and large intestines and the rest of the digestive system.

Healthy cells in the upper part of the digestive system turn into cancer cells and multiply out of control to form tumors, which is how stomach cancer develops. This process is slow moving and usually takes years to complete.
However, some elements may increase the likelihood of these cancer cells forming. The following diseases and ailments are among these risk factors:

Lymphoma (a group of malignant blood tumors) (a group of blood cancers).
infected stomach
Tumors in different parts of the gastrointestinal tract.
In addition, it is more common in:

Mature individuals, usually those over the age of 50.
men. \ smokers.
Additional lifestyle variables that increase the risk of stomach cancer include:
Consume a lot of processed or salty foods.
Eat a lot of meat.
You have ever abused alcohol.
Do not prepare or store food properly.
Signs of abdominal cancer:
Early in the disease, it may lead to:

Indigestion.
Bloating after eating a meal.
heartburn
Anorexia.
However, having acid reflux or indigestion after eating doesn’t necessarily mean you have cancer! Consult your doctor if you frequently experience these symptoms.

You may experience increasingly severe symptoms as stomach tumors develop, such as:
Stomach pain
Vomiting with blood in it. Difficulty swallowing
Diarrhea or constipation. yellow skin or eyes
Tiredness or feeling weak
heartburn;
How is it recognized?
Because of its rarity, doctors don’t usually perform routine screenings for stomach cancer. However, if you are at risk, discuss how to diagnose it with your doctor.

After a physical exam, your doctor will inquire about your medical history to determine if you have any risk factors for the condition or if anyone in your family is affected. After that, you may undergo some tests, such as:
Blood tests: to check for symptoms related to cancer in your body.
Upper endoscopy: To see your stomach, your doctor will insert a small flexible tube with a camera down your throat.

Upper GI series test: You will take a barium-coated liquid that has a chalky consistency. Your stomach is covered in fluid, which enhances its appearance on x-rays.
During an endoscopy, your doctor takes a small biopsy from your stomach to examine the tissue under a microscope for any indications of malignant cells.
What medical procedures can treat stomach cancer?
There are many treatments available to combat stomach cancer. The one you and your doctor decide on will depend on how long you’ve had the condition or how far it has spread throughout your body. Here are their stages with authorized treatments for each:
Treatment includes:
Chemotherapy is a type of medicine used to treat cancer by killing cancer cells with chemicals. Chemotherapy drugs target cancer cells that may have spread outside the stomach as they circulate throughout the body.
Before surgery, chemotherapy is used to help shrink the cancer so that it can be removed more easily. It is often combined with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and is also used after surgery to kill any cancer cells that may still be in the body.
High-energy beams, such as X-rays and protons, are used in radiation therapy to kill cancer cells. Before surgery, radiation therapy is used to reduce the size of the cancer to make it easier to remove. It may also be used after surgery to kill any cancer cells that may have survived.
Pharmacotherapy: Focuses on specific defects identified in cancer cells. For advanced tumors or cancers that recur in the body after treatment, including stomach cancer, medications and chemotherapy are usually used.

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