about stomach cancer
Stomach cancer is a relatively rare type of cancer.
The first symptoms of stomach cancer are vague and easily confused with other serious diseases. It includes:
Constant indigestion and heartburn
Trapping wind, continuous hum
Feeling of fullness or bloating after eating
Persistent stomach pain
Advanced symptoms of stomach cancer include:
blood in the stool or black stools
The early symptoms of stomach cancer are similar to those of many other diseases, so the cancer is advanced before it is diagnosed. Therefore, it is important for a doctor to check for symptoms of stomach cancer as soon as possible.
Read more about diagnosing stomach cancer
who is affected
The exact cause of stomach cancer is still unknown, but you are more likely to develop it if you:
55 years and over
Eat a diet low in fiber and high in processed foods or red meat
Eating a diet rich in salty and pickled foods
Stomach infection caused by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
Read more about the causes of stomach cancer.
Types of stomach cancer
There are several types of stomach cancer. More than 95% of stomach cancers arise in cells lining the stomach, which are called adenocarcinomas.
Rare types of stomach cancer include gastric lymphomas that develop in lymphoid tissue (tissue that drains fluid and helps fight infection), and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) that develop in the muscle or connective tissue of the stomach wall. .
How is stomach cancer treated?
Although many cases of stomach cancer cannot be completely cured, it is still possible to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life with chemotherapy and, in some cases, radiation therapy and surgery.
If the surgery can remove all of the tumor tissue, then the surgery can cure stomach cancer.
Surgery to remove part or all of the stomach is called gastric bypass. After gastric bypass surgery, you will still be able to eat normally, but you will need to adjust the amount of food you eat.
Chemotherapy may be used before surgery to shrink a tumor and sometimes after surgery to prevent the tumor from coming back.