Cardiovascular disease kills 17.5 million people worldwide each year and is expected to increase to 23 million by 2030.
World Heart Day, celebrated annually on September 29, raises awareness of cardiovascular disease and highlights what we can do to prevent and treat the disease. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the world. Worldwide, 17,500,000 people die each year from cardiovascular diseases, including heart attacks, strokes, and heart attacks.
The heart is a muscle that pumps the required amount of blood to each organ. Without the work of the heart, the human body cannot exist. It takes about 7 minutes for the body to die when the heart stops pumping blood, and heart disease is one of the most common causes of death.
Pay attention to the following signs to know if your heart is not working properly.
Pain radiating down the arm
Many men experience pain in the left hand, while women experience the same pain in the left, right or both hands at the same time. Some women said they had unusual, excruciating pain before they had a heart attack. Because pain in the heart travels through the spinal cord, which has many nerves, and your brain turns your head and thinks your arm really hurts because it doesn’t.
The cough won’t stop
A cough can be caused by a variety of health problems and can be a symptom of cardiovascular disease. A persistent cough that produces pink blood-tinged fluid is common in patients with heart failure.
Swollen legs, ankles and feet
Swelling of the feet can be the result of many things, but it can also be related to heart valve problems. Fluid retention is a common symptom of heart failure. This is due to a decrease in heart rate and a decrease in the ability of the heart to pump blood to the peripheral organs. When the swelling does not go away, it is time to see a doctor.
Loss of appetite and nausea
Many heart patients suffer from loss of appetite and nausea. Even after a few bites, a person will experience nausea. The reason for this is the formation of fluid around the liver and intestines. Symptoms include light heart palpitations, severe nausea and cramping, and are more common in people over 60 years of age. If the pain does not go away, see a doctor.
Extreme and unusual levels of anxiety
Several studies have shown that people who worry too much are more prone to heart disease. Anxiety can be caused by a very stressful lifestyle or various disorders. Some effects of cardiac anxiety include tachycardia, increased blood pressure, and decreased heart rate.
Fainting is the result of a drop in blood pressure for various reasons. But it could be a sign of a more serious problem. A heart beat that is too slow or too fast, or a narrowing of the aorta, from a valve disorder that doesn’t allow blood to flow properly. If fainting occurs often, do not ignore it.
The skin becomes pale or blue
It’s not one of the most common symptoms, but it can be caused by reduced blood flow or a reduced number of red blood cells, which is a sign that your heart isn’t pumping blood properly. The main cause of this symptom is irritation, and pallor appears on the whole body or in a specific part of the body. However, if you notice that you are pale, don’t panic. This skin is a symptom of something completely different, such as anemia.
Rashes or unusual spots
Two separate studies have shown a link between eczema and high risk factors for cardiovascular disease. People with eczema were 48 percent more likely to have high blood pressure and 29 percent more likely to have high cholesterol.
Five simple things you can do to make your heart healthier and happier
Be more active: do regular daily exercise. The WHO recommendation is to do at least 30 minutes of regular physical activity a day to maintain a healthy cardiovascular function. And light exercise is enough, even an hour’s walk is enough. Walking or biking to work will keep you and your heart healthy and happy
Eat healthier: increase your intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, fish and legumes, and limit your intake of salt, sugar and fat.
Say no to smoking: quitting smoking is the best thing for your cardiovascular health. Within two years of quitting smoking, the risk of coronary heart disease is significantly reduced, and within five years the risk of cardiovascular disease is the same as that of non-smokers.
Learn the symptoms of a heart attack: More than 70 percent of heart and stroke emergencies occur at home when a family member is present and able to help.
Follow the body: the heart of cardiovascular disease